DROGAS: escritório da ONU lança relatório 2006. Críticas procedentes do TI.
Drogas e Democracia: Confira as críticas do prestigioso Tansnational Istitute. Quanto ao Brasil, o escritório da UNODC apresenta uma análise de dados enviados pelas autoridades brasileiras. Por isso, consta que o consumo de cocaína não cresceu. No relatório anterior, apontou-se, como preocupação para o Brasil, o uso de anfetaminas para emagracimento. A cada dia, o escritório da UNODCP se transforma-se num apêndice da Casa Branca, que dá as regras. Antonio Costa, --o diretor do escritório de drogas e prevenção ao crime, já recebeu de presente até arma automática de um potente fabrica de armas e munições da Áustria.
June 26, 2006.
UNODC World Drug Report 2006 full of scientific insults
In its 2006 World Drug Report, released today, the UN Office on Drugs
and Crime (UNODC) struggles to fabricate success stories about the
effectiveness of the global drug control regime. Flawed comparisons are
constructed with higher opium production levels a century ago, with
higher prevalence figures for tobacco, and biased claims are made about
cannabis. Martin Jelsma, coordinator of the Transnational Institute´s
Drugs & Democracy Programme, after a quick read of the report today,
considers it to be "full of scientific insults".
TNI is an international research institute with a decade long history of
being a watchdog of UN drug control agencies. Tom Blickman, a researcher
of the programme, adds: "if UNODC was a commercial company with
stockholders, it could be sued for fraud for conscious distortion of the
future prospects of its enterprise."
"Humanity has entered the 21st century with much lower levels of drug
cultivation and drug addiction than 100 years earlier," the report
claims. This '100-year success' story, however, cannot be attributed to
the multilateral drug control regime. It was related to specific
developments in China and to new pharmaceutical products replacing the
medicinal uses of opium.
Another questionable claim of success in the World Drug Report is the
comparison with tobacco. "To argue that it is thanks to the drug control
system that the use of illegal drugs has not spiralled out of control to
similar massive prevalence levels as tobacco has no scientific basis
whatsoever", according to Martin Jelsma.
'Containment' - a term used in the report - fits reality better and that
recognition should lead to emphasize policy measures that reduce the
harms of current levels of drugs consumption. Unfortunately, says Martin
Jelsma, "harm reduction policy developments are nowhere to be found.
This means that the real existing success stories from the past decade,
such as reduced numbers of overdose deaths and lower rates of HIV
transmission due to harm reduction efforts, are left out completely".
UNODC Executive Director, Antonio Maria Costa claims that the world is
experiencing a devastating "cannabis pandemic". His strong language is
at odds with other sections of the report that recognize that "much of
the early material on cannabis is now considered inaccurate, and that a
series of studies in a range of countries have exonerated cannabis of
many of the charges levelled against it."
"The report is biased and unbalanced. The use of inconclusive scientific
evidence to demonise cannabis is identical to the preceding mistake that
resulted in scheduling cannabis at the same level as cocaine and heroin"
according to Tom Blickman. "The report suffers from the tension between
UNODC policy makers who want a strict control regime maintained - and
who are under huge US funding pressure - and the experts willing to open
an honest debate about the effectiveness of outdated aspects of the
current policy framework," he says.
With a view to the upcoming 10-year evaluation of the 1998 UNGASS, if
anything, the 2006 World Drug Report shows that a genuine evaluation
process is needed more than ever and that the UNODC cannot be relied
upon to perform that task in a transparent, objective and balanced way,
without the help of independent experts.
For more information see: International drug control: 100 years of
success? TNI comments on the UNODC World Drug Report 2006, TNI Drug
Policy Briefing nr. 18 at :
Martin Jelsma, cel -31-6-5571 5893
Tom Blickman, cel -31-6-2153 5809
De Wittenstraat 25
1052 AK Amsterdam - The Netherlands
Tel.: + 31 20 662 66 08 | Fax: + 31 20 675 71 76
E-mail: email@example.com | http://www.tni.org/drugs
Drugs & Democracy-
Transnational Institute (TNI)
De Wittenstraat 25 | 1052 AK Amsterdam (The Netherlands)
Tel +31-20-6626608 | Fax 6757176